This multimedia overview explains why problem solving should be part of teaching in all math topics, describing the different types of problems that teachers in grades 4-8 might use, and the important components of the problem-solving process. This topic addresses three research-based practices:
- Plan for problem solving by preparing problems to use in whole-class instruction. (Prepare Problems)
- Teach students to use visual representations, employ multiple problem-solving strategies, and relate mathematical concepts and notation to problem solving. (Problem-Solving Instruction)
- Monitor and reflect on the problem-solving process, and debrief to explain and compare problem-solving strategies. (Reflect and Debrief)
To facilitate the work of state-, district-, and school-level personnel in translating the recommended practices into actions and policy options, please refer to the State, District, School and Common Core planning templates.